Diagnosis and Treatment
Early diagnosis and treatment are very important. If symptoms occur, the patient should see a doctor immediately. All types of meningitis are diagnosed by growing bacteria from a sample of the infected person’s spinal fluid, which is collected by performing a lumbar puncture (spinal tap). Results show whether or not the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) has increased white blood cells. Blood tests are also conducted to determine whether or not there is a significant increase or decrease in the white blood cell count.
Viral Meningitis Treatment
There are no effective treatments for most viruses that cause meningitis. Medical doctors recommend plenty of rest, relaxation, fluids, and medicine to relieve a fever or headache.
Bacterial Meningitis Treatment
Bacterial meningitis can be treated with a number of effective antibiotics. It is important, however, that treatment be started early in the course of the disease. Appropriate antibiotic treatment of most common types of bacterial meningitis should reduce the risk of dying from meningitis, although cases have varied person to person.
Fungal Meningitis Treatment
Fungal meningitis is treated with a anti-fungal medications. The medications are administered through an IV and the length of treatment can vary from patient to patient.
Parasitic Meningitis Treatment
It is unclear the effectiveness of treatment for parasitic meningitis as survivorship has been rare.